Explorer Mathieu Da Costa is credited with being the first to arrive as part of an expedition that founded Port Royal in 1605. The first large group of immigrants were the Black Loyalists who came as refugees after the American Revolution between 1782 and 1785. About 3500 people settled throughout Nova Scotia. A group of 600 exiled Jamaican Maroons followed in 1796. The War of 1812 between resulted in another era of significant migration with roughly 2000 Black Refugees seeking freedom in Nova Scotia between 1813 and 1816. The early 1900s saw the last historic group of black settlers arrive as hundreds of Caribbean immigrants flocked to Cape Breton. With a history that spans more than 400 years, African Nova Scotians have a rich legacy in the province.
Details about Old Sow Whirlpool, in Passamaquoddy Bay, within the western Bay of Fundy, in Maine and New Brunswick. Included are details about other tidal phenomena of the area.
UMaine Today Magazine, December 2001/January 2002 - The Golden Era of Smuggling: When flour and blankets were more precious than gold, the Maine-Canada border was the place to be, and smuggling was a way of life..
Since the 1850s, engineers have been experimenting with powered lighter-than-air flight, essentially balloons with steering and propulsion